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德國辛麗莉教士
  Posto在 Thu 15 Mar 2012 由 chauli (3329 人氣)
辛麗莉教士     ◎文/趙令級
 幾年前在教會的一場活動中認識辛教士,初見面我用英語問她說:請問妳會說華語麼?沒想到辛教士字正腔圓以道地的台語回答說:真歹勢!我說台語。當時我楞了一下,很難想像一個外國人河佬話竟然講得這麼溜。在瞭解之下,始知她遠從德國來到台灣服務殘障朋友己超過37個年頭,在大雅鄉惠明盲校已有近廿年了,惠明盲校的院童和大雅鄉民都稱她辛教士。這位比台灣人還「台灣」人的辛麗莉教士,秉持基督的「愛」極儘教士的職份,將其一生的青春歲月無怨無悔地完全奉獻給台灣的弱勢族群。

 辛麗莉( Lilly Singer ) ,1938年出生於羅馬尼亞,自幼生長於德北部一個信奉基督教的家庭,父母親原是東德人,在柏林圍牆未築前逃至西德。17歲時就讀德國路德會教士學校,後因看史懷哲所寫的書,深受感動進入護士學校學習護理。1964年畢業後加入德國Marbur Mission宣教團,一心一意想前往非洲,但差會要她到台灣服務,因為台灣欠一名護士,廿六歲的辛教士毅答應,從此和台灣結下不解之緣。台灣是她待最久的國家,己成為她的第二故鄉,連回德國都覺得有點陌生。
 
 初到台灣,辛麗莉先在台北學習學了一年半的語言,先後在花蓮畢士大育幼院、屏東的殘障機構等處服務,當時台灣的小兒麻痺症患者相當多,因此辛教士服務的對象除了盲胞、智障外,大多是小兒麻痺症的患者,直到1982年,來到台中縣大雅鄉的惠明盲校,一待就是廿年。辛教士照顧台灣寶島上沒人要、被遺棄的孩子,像母親一樣無悔的付出,像一片天空包容無私散發她的愛在這片土地上。惠明盲校以往只收盲生,但自從辛教士來到惠明後,也收盲、啞、聾等多重障礙生,許多公立的學校不收的,都到惠明來。

 辛教士希望每一個殘障者都能在「有尊嚴」中生活,因此讓所有的殘障者有工作做是她努力的目標,於是惠明在她努力之下設立了廿人的庇護工場。庇護工場和學校分開,晚上這些學生在學校睡覺,白天即到庇護工場上班。這樣能使這些學生有成就感,因為他們也能像大人一樣賺錢。辛教士視每位學生殘障的程度,給予不同的工作,大部份都是簡易的手工,如珍珠項鍊、中國節等…..。項鍊是惠明庇護工場一項主要的產品,但多重障礙的盲生,要完成穿針引線的工作,在常人看來,那是很可笑且沒有效率的工作,但她從來不給學生壓力,即便是一星期只完成一條項鍊的工作。或有時這些學生,把快串好的項鍊,一抓錯邊,整串珠子又溜出來,也只能耐心地安慰和鼓勵這些學生,重頭再來。但也不全然不處罰學生,辛教士透露一個教殘障學生的秘訣—責罵不能多於讚許,即二次讚許一次責罵。

 微笑是辛教士的標緻,無論遇何困難,她從不面帶愁容。問她為何會如此的快樂,她說看到這些孩子的成長是她喜悅的來源,他們的眼睛雖看不到世界上任何東西,但從他們良善的心,相信他們看見了上帝給他們一個不一樣的世界。他們以單純的心去體會上帝所造的世界,進而超越身體上的殘缺,化身體上的有限,提升到精神上的無限;將現實生活上的殘酷無情,化為向大自然挑戰的生命力量。
她的生活簡單、樸素,打從進入教士學校後,沒有第二套服飾,不論在何種場合,她一生就是一襲藍衣、白帽打扮的教士服,乍看之下還誤以為是護士。大雅鄉的鄉民和商家幾乎都知道她在盲校服務,知道她是個大善人。她常常上大雅街購物,鄉民主動叫她:「辛教士!妳好!」,「待會兒回去時,把這些東西帶回去給那些孩子吃!」聽在她的心裡很窩心,唯一覺得歹勢的,就是她不知道他們的名字,只好回應說:「大家好!多謝啦!」。通常這些商家都會說「辛教士妳要愛的!親菜啦!」而以最便宜的價格賣給她,有時候沒買的東西,老闆也會送給我們,辛教士對此表示說:「台灣人不但有人情味,又富有同情心」。

 辛教士台語講得相當溜,華語會聽但不會寫也不太會看,問她是什麼原因,她說:學習語言相當費時,她不希望在這方面浪費過多的時間,只希望把更多的時間留給這些多重障礙的孩子身上。這期間差會曾數度欲調她前往它國服務,均被她以學習語言不易回絕。而為著把全部的時間和愛留給這些孩子,辛教士選擇不結婚。受她照顧的孩子,許多人爭著要叫她「媽媽」,去年台中縣政府為這一位常年以「愛」關懷、教養大雅惠明盲校殘障學生的辛教士,在母親節時還特別以「特殊的媽媽」表揚她,可是她還是希望他們叫她為「辛教士」。

 珍娜是個多重障礙的女孩子,吞咬有問題、口腔很臭而且又有嚴重的自閉症,被帶來惠明盲校時不敢看別人也無人理會她,更不用說和他人一起睡。辛教士把她帶在身邊,但就是無法接近她,防衛心相當重,睡覺時只要碰到她,即便是在熟睡中她會即時跳下床。辛教士為此費盡心思,仍然束手無策,後來她利用回德國休假時,四處請教專家。珍娜是個保溫箱長大的嬰兒,或許是提早離開母胎,出生時即少了那一份的母愛的情懷,專家請辛教士試著用袋鼠袋的方式和她親近。辛教士返台後,每天傍晚下課後,在二樓把珍娜抱在懷裡,每次抱一個鐘頭,起先珍娜不肯,她只好強迫她就範,久而久之珍娜也順服了。最難過的是在夏天,由於沒有冷氣,即使是脫掉衣服,擁抱在一起的滋味那可真不好受,這對辛教士和珍娜都是一種考驗。然而在辛教士無比的愛心呵護下,辛苦地用一年的時間擁抱珍娜,珍娜頑劣的自閉症終於得到了醫治,現在的珍娜看到她會如「小鳥依人」地依偎在她的懷裡。

 小慈也是多重視障的兒童,七歲被帶到惠明盲校,之前是北部某家育幼院的院童,白天雙手常被綁在馬桶上,晚上也被綁在床上睡覺。捆綁的理由很簡單:不聽話、四處破壞東西,無法控制大小便。可憐七歲大的小慈只喝奶瓶裝的牛奶,只吃慢麵包、蛋糕,其它食物一概不吃。辛教士不忍心這位幾乎為人所放棄的殘障兒,毫無希望和尊嚴地活下去,於是她胸有成竹的接小慈來到惠明。首先矯正她大小便的習慣,陪她睡、大小便,剛開始一連好幾天都尿床,甚至把辛教士的衣服給弄濕了,有時陪她上廁所,一上就是一個多鐘頭,辛教士從不氣餒。小慈由於長年無咀嚼習慣,導致全部的牙齒不是被齒肉就是被結石包圍。為著小慈能吸收更多的營養,辛教士帶小慈北上到台安醫院看齒科並治療,清除所有的齒石,使潔白的牙齒露出來。然而問題不止於此,小慈依然拒食其他食物,若是別人早己放棄了,但辛教士不厭其煩地誘使她,以特製的飯食吸引她,並教導她如何使用湯匙,這樣的工作足足作了三個月,才好不容易校正了小慈的飲食習慣。辛教士說:世上每一個人都是上帝的寶貝,上帝都不放棄這些可憐的殘障者,我們更沒有理由不去照顧他們。
辛教士很喜歡配合教會和社會的活動,擺攤出來賣惠明盲校學生的產品,有時不是賺很多錢,但她一直想要外面的世界知道有一群殘障者須要社會大眾的關心,因此她常常邁力地向人介紹這是盲人精緻的手工藝品,讓人知道有惠明的存在,進而提供加工的工作。她相信唯有肯定這群孩子,加上社會源源不絕的關心,這樣這群孩子才有希望。

 談到台灣的殘障者福利,辛教士指出,家庭中有身心障礙的孩子,不是家長的錯,但家長與殘障的孩子在生活上必須付出很大的代價。這方面德國政府的福利政策做得相當好。「庇護工場」即其中的一個好策略,只要殘障者可勝任,每天由政府派人接送這些殘障者上下班,如此,殘障者既可從工作中自我肯定,也可靠自己養活自己。此外,在德國三至五名殘障者可自行組成一個「殘障保護家庭」,白天由政府安排到指定特設的工場上班,晚上則有一位由政府聘請的保姆照顧他們的生活起居。台灣的政府目前尚未有此福利,她希望從惠明作起,計畫中的惠明「庇護工場」,一百多坪、可容納八十人就業,一樓是工場,二樓是學生宿舍。完成後雖不能全部解決殘障者就業的問題,至少可拋磚引玉,希望企業界、政府支持、重視此一計畫,並付之行動關心照顧這些殘障者。

 明年四月她滿六十五歲她按規定要退休,她必須回德國,她雖然喜歡台灣更甚於德國,但她不想成為台灣另類的負擔,特別是這些曾受到她照顧的學生的回報。唯一令她掛心的是台灣殘障者的福利政策和尚未動工的惠明「庇護工場」。

 目睹台灣經濟快速的成長,好幾次德國差會都認為台灣己不須要派教士了,甚至要差派她到更落後的國家。辛教士語重心長表示,台灣對殘障者的照顧遠不比上台灣經濟成長的速度。不論是政府落實照顧殘障者之政策,或社會大眾對殘障者的接納,企業公司、政府機關使用殘障者的比率都還一段很長的距離。她希望在有生之年,能親眼看見台灣政府落實殘障福利政策;同時也看到惠明的「庇護工場」早日的落成,屆時她一定會再回來的。
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發表日期: 05月21日 23:33  更新: 05月21日 23:33
 Im glad I finally signed up
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發表者 樹狀展開
fiona
發表日期: 05月24日 01:48  更新: 05月24日 01:48
 I am the new one
Hello, the whole thing is going well here and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that's really fine, keep up writing.
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發表者 樹狀展開
246351
發表日期: 05月25日 03:37  更新: 05月25日 03:37
 How to Execute A Bibliography to get a Research-Paper
When creating homemade almond roca, you'll not want any unique equipment, not really a candy thermometer. Almond roca is at the correct phase when it is a moderate-deep mahogany shade. If several group of almond roca is required, create each set of almond roca separately. Homemade almond roca recipe Components for almond roca: 2 glasses (1 lb) unsalted, top quality butter 2 cups white white sugar 1 cup full roasted almonds, coarsely sliced or halved 1 pot semi sweet or milk chocolate chips ?? cup walnuts or almonds, trimmed great for walnuts, thinly sliced for almonds Major-bottomed pot sauce-pan or Dutch oven, at the very least 2-quarts Silicone spatula nonstick cooking spray In huge heavy-bottomed pan, melt butter over high-heat, stirring regularly. Continue cooking over high temperature and mixing regularly, introducing coarsely chopped almonds. Go off the warmth for a minute if it starts to smoke. Tilt to spread smoothly. If they have dissolved a bit, distribute them over the top of the hot concoction with a silicon spatula. Neat the almond roca at least 4 hours, and up to 8 hours, at room-temperature until hard entirely. Break into items and also the almond roca is preparing to consume. <a href=http://sozidateli.com.ua/2017/04/20/comparison-of-uk-custom-academic-company-for-high/>isb essay writing</a> <a href=http://www.mudanzasyfletes.cl/examination-reliable-company-to-receive-any-paper/>apa research paper format</a> <a href=http://sachkostenmanagement.com/?p=1256>college admission essay examples free</a>
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發表者 樹狀展開
347475
發表日期: 05月27日 10:31  更新: 05月27日 10:31
 Literature Review Format
Another kind of commitment outlined by Olcum Cetin (2006) is occupation determination, according to Meyer and Allen (1991) occupation commitment identifies the loyalty of individuals for their profession, Meyer (1993) subdivides occupation commitment into normative, effective and continuance, efficient commitment refers to the loyalty of a employee to the occupation as well as efficiency of tasks with joy. Utilizing the AIU information variables a theory is designed to check on whether there is an important variation in task fulfillment according era, the null hypothesis is mentioned as H0: A1 = A2 = A3 where A1, A2 and A3 presents the common pleasure prices for age group1, 2, and 3 respectively: the following table summarizes the general variable values in each age class: 50 - 65846.85.851.088571429 Supply of VariationSSdfMSFP-valueF crit Within Groups21.14329220.961058 From the desk the null theory H0: A1 = A2 = A3 is screened, the F price from your stand is 2.525920421 while the F important benefit is 3.443357, the Y crit > Y benefit and therefore the null hypothesis is approved, this means that the difference in regular general pleasure based on era isn't important. Summary: Cetin (2006) research outcomes revealed the variation in work satisfaction average prices according to sexuality, age and marital status were not statistically significant, utilising the AIU information beliefs the theory H0: A1 = A2 = A3 is analyzed, in conclusion exhibit that the distinction is not statistically significant, therefore the AIU ANOVA test results help Cetin (2006) that age doesn't affect job satisfaction. Meyer, N (1993) Commitment To Firm And Career, Used Psychology Record, Quantity 78, 637 To 643 Olcum Cetin (2006) the Partnership between Task Pleasure, Work and Firm Determination, School Of Business Log, Size 8, (1), 78 To 90 <a href=http://www.carplaceuk.com/2017/04/20/close-up-top-website-to-receive-any-paper-speedily/>termpaperwriter.org</a> <a href=http://www.dspv.nl/index.php/hausarbeit-ghostwriter-at-superb-gut-7/>book report writer</a> <a href=http://www.thump3201.com/overview-of-uk-custom-writing-website-for-all/>homework help history</a>
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